CIVICS

United States v. Darby

United States v. Darby is a Supreme Court of the United States case that revolves around the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and issues of federalism. Congress set out federal standards for employment conditions, specifically...

United States v. Jones (2012)

The Supreme Court case which held that the placement and use of an electronic tracking device for 28 days on a suspect’s vehicle through an improperly executed warrant constituted a search under the Fourth Amendment. (Read opinion here)

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United States v. Windsor (2013)

The Supreme Court case which held that the Defense of Marriage Act’s (DOMA) provision excluding same-sex married individuals from the definition of spouse violated the protections afforded by Fifth Amendment and was thus unconstitutional. (...

United States v. Wong Kim Ark

169 U.S. 649 (1898)

The Supreme Court held that citizenship as prescribed in the Fourteenth Amendment extends to U.S.-born children of foreign subjects or citizens who, at the time of the child’s birth, are permanent residents and are carrying on...

United Steelworkers of America v. Weber (1979)

United Steelworkers of American v. Weber (1979) is a U.S. Supreme Court case where the Court ruled that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits racial discrimination in the workplace, does not prohibit voluntary affirmative...

unlawful confinement

Unalwful confinement is a war crime under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The crime has the following elements:

The perpetrator confined a victim or victims;Those victims were protected under the Geneva Conventions of 1949;The...

unlawful deportation and transfer

"Unlawful deportation and transfer" refers to a war crime punishable by the International Criminal Court. The prosecutor must show:

that the perpetrator deported or transferred the victim or victims to antoher State or to another location;the...

unreasonable search and seizure

DefinitionAn unreasonable search and seizure is a search and seizure by a law enforcement officer without a search warrant and without probable cause to believe that evidence of a crime is present.OverviewAn unreasonable search and seizure is...

use tax

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA tax imposed by a state to compensate for the sales tax lost when an item is purchased outside of the state, but is used within the state. For example, you buy your car in a state that has no sales tax,...

useful life

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe number of months or years, as determined by the IRS, that depreciable business equipment or property is expected to be in use.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

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