CIVICS

United States v. Wong Kim Ark

169 U.S. 649 (1898)

The Supreme Court held that citizenship as prescribed in the Fourteenth Amendment extends to U.S.-born children of foreign subjects or citizens who, at the time of the child’s birth, are permanent residents and are carrying on...

United Steelworkers of America v. Weber (1979)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that the 1964 Civil Rights Act provisions for affirmative action programs to encourage minority hiring for jobs in which the minorities were previously...

unlawful confinement

Unalwful confinement is a war crime under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The crime has the following elements:

The perpetrator confined a victim or victims;Those victims were protected under the Geneva Conventions of 1949;The...

unlawful deportation and transfer

"Unlawful deportation and transfer" refers to a war crime punishable by the International Criminal Court. The prosecutor must show:

that the perpetrator deported or transferred the victim or victims to antoher State or to another location;the...

unreasonable search and seizure

DefinitionAn unreasonable search and seizure is a search and seizure by a law enforcement officer without a search warrant and without probable cause to believe that evidence of a crime is present.OverviewAn unreasonable search and seizure is...

use tax

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA tax imposed by a state to compensate for the sales tax lost when an item is purchased outside of the state, but is used within the state. For example, you buy your car in a state that has no sales tax,...

useful life

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe number of months or years, as determined by the IRS, that depreciable business equipment or property is expected to be in use.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

uti possidetis juris

uti possidetis juris (UPJ) is a principle of customary international law that serves to preserve the boundaries of colonies emerging as States. Originally applied to establish the boundaries of decolonized territories in Latin America, UPJ has become...

VA

Definition

An abbreviation for U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Formerly called the Veterans Administration, this federal government body provides benefits and services to military veterans and their families.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g....

Van Orden v. Perry (2005)

Definition

A 2005 U.S. Supreme Court case in which the court held that displaying a monument inscribed with the Ten Commandments on the grounds of the Texas State Capital does not violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. Chief Justice...

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