CIVICS

Vance v. Terrazas

444 U.S. 252 (1980)

The Supreme Court held that the U.S. government must prove intent to surrender U.S. citizenship and not just the voluntary commission of a expatriating act and that the appropriate standard of proof for analyzing the citizen’s...

Vartelas v. Holder

132 S. Ct. 1479 (2012)

In 1996, Congress enacted the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) that held that legal permanent residents who had been convicted of a crime and had travelled abroad were eligible to face permanent...

Veto

The power of one person or body to prohibit a course of action chosen by another. In a political context, "veto" usually refers to the power of a chief executive to block or complicate passage of a legislative bill by refusing to sign it into law....

Video news release

Video news releases, also known as prepackaged news stories, are video segments created or funded by private corporations or government agencies to be indistinguishable from standard news programs. When broadcast on the air without disclosure of the...

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) was adopted in Vienna on May 23, 1969 at the United Nations Conference on the law of treaties and entered into force on January 27, 1980. This Convention applies only to treaties which are concluded...

view ordinance

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA local law designed to protect property owners who have desirable (and valuable) views. Typically, these ordinances allow property owners to insist on the trimming of trees that have grown and now block...

Visa

A visa is an insignia placed on the passport that the domestic government thereby permits the alien to proceed into the country. The United States generally requires a visa before admitting an alien into the country.

For more information, see...

visa waiver program

The Visa Waiver Program (VWP) enables nationals of 36 participating countries to travel to the United States for tourism or business for stays of 90 days or less without obtaining a visa.

Nationals of VWP countries must meet eligibility...

voter bill of rights

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA set of rules adopted by most states to protect the rights of voters in an election. These rights typically cover who can vote, how the voting process must be conducted, how votes will be counted, and...

Voting Rights Act

Overview

The Voting Rights Act (VRA), codified at 42 U.S.C. §§ 1973 to 1973aa-6, is an important federal civil rights law that protects minorities from discriminatory voting practices. Initially, the VRA only protected racial minorities, but in...

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