CIVICS

uti possidetis juris

uti possidetis juris (UPJ) is a principle of customary international law that serves to preserve the boundaries of colonies emerging as States. Originally applied to establish the boundaries of decolonized territories in Latin America, UPJ has become...

VA

Definition

An abbreviation for U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Formerly called the Veterans Administration, this federal government body provides benefits and services to military veterans and their families.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g....

Van Orden v. Perry (2005)

Definition

A 2005 U.S. Supreme Court case in which the court held that displaying a monument inscribed with the Ten Commandments on the grounds of the Texas State Capital does not violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. Chief Justice...

Vance v. Terrazas

444 U.S. 252 (1980)

The Supreme Court held that the U.S. government must prove intent to surrender U.S. citizenship and not just the voluntary commission of a expatriating act and that the appropriate standard of proof for analyzing the citizen’s...

Vartelas v. Holder

132 S. Ct. 1479 (2012)

In 1996, Congress enacted the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) that held that legal permanent residents who had been convicted of a crime and had travelled abroad were eligible to face permanent...

Veto

The power of one person or body to prohibit a course of action chosen by another. In a political context, "veto" usually refers to the power of a chief executive to block or complicate passage of a legislative bill by refusing to sign it into law....

Video news release

Video news releases, also known as prepackaged news stories, are video segments created or funded by private corporations or government agencies to be indistinguishable from standard news programs. When broadcast on the air without disclosure of the...

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT) was adopted in Vienna on May 23, 1969 at the United Nations Conference on the law of treaties and entered into force on January 27, 1980. This Convention applies only to treaties which are concluded...

view ordinance

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA local law designed to protect property owners who have desirable (and valuable) views. Typically, these ordinances allow property owners to insist on the trimming of trees that have grown and now block...

Visa

A visa is an insignia placed on the passport that the domestic government thereby permits the alien to proceed into the country. The United States generally requires a visa before admitting an alien into the country.

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