CIVICS

W-2 form

An IRS form from employers which reports income earned by an employee during the related calander year.

War and defense powers

Under Article I, Section 8, Congress has the power to declare war, raise and support Armies, provide and maintain a Navy, and organize, arm, discipline, and call forth a militia. This power gives Congress quite broad authority to undertake any measures...

War crime

A war crime is a violation of the laws of war. The legal understanding of war crimes has been codified in several multilateral treaties, most notably the Geneva Conventions. More recently, the most comprehensive legal statement on war crimes was the...

War Powers

Article I, Section 8, Clause 11 of the U.S. Constitution grants Congress the power to declare war. The President, meanwhile, derives the power to direct the military after a Congressional declaration of war from Article II, Section 2, which names the...

wash sale

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe selling and repurchasing of an asset, usually stocks or bonds, within a very short time frame. People used to do this to realize a loss for tax purposes, but the IRS caught on and made such losses...

Washington DC Voting Rights Amendment

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn attempt to amend the U.S. Constitution to give the citizens of the District of Columbia the same full representation in Congress as any state. Proposed in 1978, the amendment expired in 1985 and was...

Watkins v. United States (1957)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that by finding the defendant in contempt for refusing to testify against others, the Subcommittee of the House of Representatives Committee on Un-...

Welfare

Welfare Law: an overview

In the United States, welfare benefits for individuals and families with no or low income had been almost non-existent prior to the Great Depression of the 1930s. With millions of people unemployed, the federal government saw...

Welfare work rules

Rules requiring people receiving welfare benefits to move towards employment in order to get their benefits. Recipients who fail to do so often face sanctions including the loss of benefits for a period of months.


wilful killing

"Wilful killing" is a war crime as codified in the Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court. A prosecution for wilful killing must show the following elements:

A killing of one or more persons,who were protected under the Geneva Conventions...

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