CIVICS

Welfare

Welfare Law: an overview

In the United States, welfare benefits for individuals and families with no or low income had been almost non-existent prior to the Great Depression of the 1930s. With millions of people unemployed, the federal government saw...

Welfare work rules

Rules requiring people receiving welfare benefits to move towards employment in order to get their benefits. Recipients who fail to do so often face sanctions including the loss of benefits for a period of months.


wilful killing

"Wilful killing" is a war crime as codified in the Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court. A prosecution for wilful killing must show the following elements:

A killing of one or more persons,who were protected under the Geneva Conventions...

Woodson v. North Carolina (1976)

Woodson v. North Carolina (1976) is the U.S. Supreme Court case holding that North Carolina’s mandatory death penalty for individuals convicted of first-degree murder violated the Eighth Amendment. Find the full opinion here.

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work credits

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryTo receive any kind of Social Security benefit -- retirement, disability, dependents, or survivors -- the person on whose record the benefit is to be calculated must have accumulated enough work credits....

work permit

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: Employment Authorization Document (EAD)

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

World Court

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe International Court of Justice, a judicial tribunal established by the United Nations to hear disputes submitted by nations and to issue advisory opinions upon request of a United Nations organ, such...

write-off

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA tax-deductible expense, usually referring to depreciating the cost of an asset used in business or taking a Section179 expense for that asset.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law...

Yea

Definition

Yes. The word "yea" is used in oral voting and also written or spoken when announcing vote results.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. John Doe No. 1 v. Reed, 130 S.Ct. 2811, 2833–34 (2010).

See also

Aye

Nay (contrast)

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952)

Definition

A U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court held that President Truman lacked either constitutional or statutory authority to seize the nation's strike-bound steel mills (the Court noted, however, that Congress would have had constitutional...

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