civil rights

Fourteenth Amendment

Overview

The Fourteenth Amendment contains a number of important concepts, most famously state action, privileges & immunities, citizenship, due process, and equal protection—all of which are contained in Section One.  However, the Fourteenth Amendment contains four other sections.  Section Two deals with the apportionment of representatives to Congress.  Section Three forbids a

 

Title IX

Part of the Education Amendments of 1972, Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex in education programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. Actions prohibited by Title IX include sexual harassment, the failure to provide equal opportunity in athletics, and discrimination based on pregnancy.

American Civil Liberties Union

Definition

A national organization that engages in litigation, legislative lobbying, and educational outreach in order to preserve and further individual rights and liberties that are guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the United States. Among the constitutional rights that the ACLU promotes are First Amendment, equal protection, due process, and privacy rights.

American Civil Liberties Union website:

http://www.aclu.org/

Keywords: 

Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009

Amends the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to say that the 180-day statute of limitations for filing an equal pay claim starts over with each unequal paycheck. Signed into law by President Barack Obama, this law was passed specifically to overturn a U.S. Supreme Court case that held that the statute of limitations starts on the day the pay was first agreed upon. See: Statute of limitations

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