civil rights

Electronic Surveillance


Electronic surveillance is defined in federal law as the nonconsensual acquisition by an electronic, mechanical, or other surveillance device of the contents of any wire or electronic communication, under circumstances in which a party to the...


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) The act of setting free or liberating from a restraint or bondage (as in slavery).2) To release a minor child from the care and control of the minor's parents. Rules for emancipation vary from state...

Employment Discrimination

Employment Discrimination Overview:

Employment Discrimination laws seek to prevent discrimination based on race, sex, sexual orientation, religion, national origin, physical disability, and age by employers. Discriminatory practices include bias in...

Enabling Clauses

Clauses in the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments that provide Congress with the power to enforce those amendments by means of "appropriate legislation".

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) enforces federal laws prohibiting workplace discrimination. The EEOC was created by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The employment section of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, known as Title...

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe federal agency responsible for interpreting and enforcing laws that prohibit employment discrimination, such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and...

Equal Protection


Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances....

Equal-opportunity Employer

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn employer that does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, or disability. Employers typically claim to be equal-opportunity employers in job advertisements...


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryEqual in value, force, or meaning.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Ethnic Persecution

Ethnic persecution is a crime against humanity under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC). The ICC Elements of Crimes specifies that an ethnic persecution prosecution must show:

a severe deprivation of fundamental rights,the...