civil rights

Knock-and-announce rule


Under the common law knock-and-announce rule, a police officer executing a search warrant generally must not immediately force his or her way into a residence. Instead, the officer must first knock, identify himself or herself and his or her...

Korematsu v. United States (1944)


A World War II-era U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court held that excluding all persons of Japanese ancestry from designated military areas was constitutional.

Illustrative caselaw

Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (1944);...

Kwong Hai Chew v. Colding

344 U.S. 590 (1953)

The Supreme Court held that the Attorney General did not have the authority to order the permanent exclusion and deportation of a lawful permanent resident of the United States without providing notice of the charges against him...


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryFreedom from restraint, slavery, or imprisonment, and the power to follow one's own will within the limits set by the law or society.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Liberty interest

A right that the Due Process Clauses of the state and federal constitutions confer on an individual.

Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAmends the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to say that the 180-day statute of limitations for filing an equal pay claim starts over with each unequal paycheck. Signed into law by President Barack Obama, this law...

Loving v. Virginia (1967)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

The U.S. Supreme Court decision that struck down as unconstitutional laws prohibiting interracial marriage.

Full text: Loving v. Virginia (Nolo)

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law...


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) More than half of something, such as the votes cast in an election. 2) The age at which a person can exercise the legal rights of an adult, such as entering into contracts or voting. (See also: age of...



See Civil rights, Affirmative action.


See Minor.

Miranda Rule

See Miranda warning.