civil rights

Rehabilitation Act of 1973

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

A federal law prohibiting discrimination against people with disabilities by federal agencies, by federal contractors, or by programs receiving federal funds. Generally considered to be a precursor to...

Reinstatement

In a discrimination case, this when a court orders an employer to rehire an employee as a remedy.

Reverse discrimination

When a member of a non-minority group claims that someone (such as an employer) has discriminated against the person.

Reynolds v. Sims (1964)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that the voting districts of state legislatures must have roughly equal populations. The decision was based on the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S....

Right

1. A power or privilege held by the general public as the result of a constitution, statute, regulation, judicial precedent, or other type of law.

2. A legally enforceable claim held by someone as the result of specific events or transactions...

Right to counsel

OverviewThe right to counsel refers to the right of a criminal defendant to have a lawyer assist in his defense, even if he cannot afford to pay for an attorney. The Sixth Amendment gives defendants the right to counsel in federal prosecutions. However,...

right to privacy

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) The right not to have one's personal matters disclosed or publicized; the right to be left alone. 2) The right against undue government intrusion into fundamental personal issues and decisions....

Roe v. Wade (1973)

The Supreme Court case that held that the Constitution protected a woman’s right to an abortion prior to the viability of the fetus.

Overview

The case involved a Texas statute that prohibited abortion except when necessary to save the life of...

sample ballot

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA document sent to registered voters to help them prepare for an election. A sample ballot usually provides the voter's polling place and hours, and contains an image of what the actual ballot will look...

Second Amendment

The Second Amendment of the United States Constitution reads: "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." Such language has created considerable...

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