class actions

Charging Lien

A type of attorney's lien under which a lawyer acquires an interest in a judgment awarded to the client. This may mean that the lawyer can eventually claim a portion of any money paid to the client due to the judgment. The lien arises because the...


Class is a group of people or things defined by one or more common attributes. See, for example, class action.

[Last updated in June of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]

Class Action

Class Action: An Overview

A class action is a procedural device that permits one or more plaintiffs to file and prosecute a lawsuit on behalf of a larger group, or "class". Put simply, the device allows courts to manage lawsuits that would otherwise be...

Covenants, Conditions, and Restrictions

Covenants, conditions, and restrictions, commonly called “CC&Rs” are a set of rules governing the use of a certain piece of real estate. For example, a CC&R can regulate the fences of a house, or garbage cans, etc. CC&Rs are usually...

Derivative Action


See: Shareholder Derivative Suit.


Discovery: An Overview

In civil actions, parties use the pre-trial discovery process to gather information in preparation for trial.

The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure have very liberal discovery provisions. Before the rules were adopted in 1938...



A person or organization possessing separate and distinct legal rights, such as an individual, partnership, or corporation. An entity can, among other things, own property, engage in business, enter into contracts, pay taxes, sue and be sued...

Equitable Estoppel

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: estoppel

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Equitable Relief

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryWhen a court awards a nonmonetary judgment, such as an order to do something (mandamus or specific performance) or refrain from doing something (injunction), when monetary damages are not sufficient to...



In law, the term "equity" refers to a particular set of remedies and associated procedures involved with civil law. These equitable doctrines and procedures are distinguished from "legal" ones. While legal remedies typically involve monetary...