1) The idea that companies or individuals can neutralize the effect of their pollution by investing in pollution reduction efforts in other parts of the world. 2) A financial instrument whose purchase is aimed at the reduction of greenhouse gases. One carbon offset generally pays for the reduction of one metric ton of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases.
A policy that seeks to limit pollution. Under a cap-and-trade program, a company gets an emissions permit for every ton of carbon dioxide that it releases. Companies that produce fewer emissions can trade their extra permits to companies that are producing more emissions.
Bans a procedure called a partial-birth abortion, used for ending pregnancy. Whether an abortion meets this definition has to do with the method used by the doctor and not with viability of the fetus or the number of weeks that the patient is pregnant.
An omnibus energy policy law designed to increase energy efficiency and develop renewable energy. Signed by President George W. Bush, among other things, the law sets new fuel efficiency standards for cars and trucks (35 miles per gallon by 2020), encourages the development and production of advanced technology vehicles, encourages biofuel development, sets new efficiency standards for appliances and lighting, encourages alternate energy research and development, and mandates energy efficiency in public buildings.
A federal law that gives the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the power to regulate the contents of tobacco products, disclose the ingredients of these products, and prohibit marketing campaigns that target children. Under this law, the agency can lower the amount of nicotine allowed in tobacco products, ban candy flavorings that appeal to kids, and block labels such "low tar" and "light." The law also requires tobacco companies to use large, graphic warnings on their cartons.
A consumer protection law also called the Credit CARD Act. Among its provisions is a prohibition against retroactive rate increases, a requirement that terms be clearly spelled out, and an extension of time before late fees can be imposed. The law also increases protections for students and young people when it comes to new credit card offers.
A nonprofit, tax-exempt, 501(c)(3) organization that acts as a guardian of grants and donations for a fledgling group or project that hasn't yet applied for or received 501(c)(3) status.
A term that refers to the use of marijuana and its derivatives for medical purposes -- such as pain management, relief of spasticity, relief of nausea, and to increase appetite.
The Supreme Court case that reaffirmed the aspect of Roe v. Wade (1973) that prohibited states from disallowing abortion prior to viability. However, the Court overruled two aspects of the Roe decision: (1) the trimester distinction and (2) the use of strict scrutiny for judicial review of government regulation of abortions.