commercial activities

Agricultural Lien

An interest in farm products (such as wheat, corn, or soybeans or livestock) that secures payment or performance of an obligation for goods, services, or rental on real property that an individual or organization leases in connection with farming...

Agriculture

Agriculture: An Overview

Agriculture includes soil preparation, seed planting, crop harvesting, gardening, horticulture, viticulture, apiculture (bee-raising), dairying, poultry, and ranching. Generally, laws grouped under the heading "agricultural law...

Alcohol

Alcohol, Tobacco, and Controlled Substances: An Overview

Health and other public concerns have generated detailed Federal and state regulation of the sale and possession of alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, and a wide range of other "controlled...

Aleatory

“Aleatory” means that something is dependent on an uncertain event, a chance occurrence. Aleatory is used primarily as a descriptive term for insurance contracts. An aleatory contract is a contract where performance of the promise is...

Alter Ego

Definition

Legal doctrine whereby the court finds a corporation lacks a separate identity from an individual or corporate shareholder, resulting in injustice to the corporation’s debtors. Finding alter ego gives the court cause to pierce the...

Alternate Beneficiary

An alternative beneficiary is someone who will benefit from or gain ownership of property only if the primary beneficiary is unable or unwilling to take ownership. An alternative beneficiary in property law arises when someone bequests...

Alternative Reproductive Technology (ART)

Also known as assisted reproductive technology, it is an alternative to traditional reproduction, used by persons who are infertile. It is also an umbrella term that encompasses in vitro fertilization, sperm donation, ovum donation, a surrogate...

Ambiguity

Ambiguity means language in an agreement has more than one meaning. Cases such as this one from New York explain that ambiguity in the context of a contract is defined as “whether a reasonably intelligent person looking at the contract...

Amend

To amend is to change by adding, subtracting, or substituting. One can amend a statute, a contract, the Constitution of the United States, or a pleading filed in a law suit.

For example, Article V of the...

American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009

The American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (ACES)(also referred to as the Waxman-Markey bill) primarily sought to promote a clean energy economy, reduce greenhouse emissions, and create energy independence. The ACES would have created...

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