commercial activities

restraint of trade

Any activity (including agreements among competitors or companies doing business with each other) that tends to limit trade, sales, and transportation in interstate commerce or has a substantial impact on interstate commerce. Most restraints of trade are illegal under various antitrust statutes. Some state laws also outlaw local restraints on competitive business activity. (See also: monopoly)


Selling again, particularly at retail (a retail product is sold once to the retail store and again to the final customer). In many states, a resale license, resale number, or seller's permit is required so that the state can monitor the collection of sales tax on retail sales.


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