commercial law

Accession

Definition

1) In trusts and estates law, assets produced by a devised asset after the execution of a will.

2) In secured transactions law, goods that physically united with other goods in a way that doesn't lose the identity of the original goods...

Accord and Satisfaction

Definition

An agreement (accord) between two contracting parties to accept alternate performance to discharge a preexisting duty between them and the subsequent performance (satisfaction) of that agreement. An accord and satisfaction differs from a...

Account Stated

Definition

A statement between a creditor and a debtor that settles the total amount of debt owed to the creditor.

There are three elements of an account stated: (1) There exists prior transactions between the parties, creating a creditor-debtor...

Accounts Payable

Definition

Short-term debt that a company owes to its suppliers for products received before payment is made. Accounts payable entries are listed under "Current Liabilities" in the business' balance sheet and the items are removed once the account has...

Accredited Investor

Under federal law, no securities may be sold or offered for sale unless they are registered, or there is an exception. An accredited investor is one such exemption: certain high-net-worth individividual, as defined in Rule 501 of Regulation D who may...

Accrue

1. To be added as a matter of periodic gain or advantage, as interest on money.

2. To become a present and enforceable right or demand.

From: Dictionary.com

Accumulated Earnings

Definition

Net profits of a company that are not distributed as shareholder dividends. Accumulated earnings are often reinvested into the company itself.

See alsoDividendProfit

Actual Damages

Overview

In tort law, actual damages is a type of damages which refers to compensation awarded by a court in response to a loss suffered by a party.

The Supreme Court held in Birsdall v. Coolidge, 93 U.S. 64 (1876) that the phrases "compensatory...

Addendum

An attachment or exhibit to a document, such as a contract. For example, a contract to manufacture widgets may have an adendum listing the specifications for said widgets. As this modifies the original document, it should be signed or executed with...

Adhesion Contract

A standard-form contract drafted by one party and signed by another in a weaker position. The signing party is typically a consumer with little commercial leverage, and must either reject the deal or accept it with little chance to influence the terms...

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