conflicts of law

Comity of Nations

Definition

The principle that one sovereign nation voluntarily adopts or enforces the laws of another sovereign nation out of deference, mutuality, and respect.

Unlike enforcement of judgments between states in the United States (which is...

Conflict of Laws

Definition

A difference between the laws of two or more jurisdictions with some connection to a case, such that the outcome depends on which jurisdiction's law will be used to resolve each issue in dispute. The conflicting legal rules may come from U.S...

Egelhoff v. Egelhoff (2001)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryU.S. Supreme Court decision in which the Court ruled that a woman who was named as the beneficiary of her former husband's 401(k) plan was entitled to inherit the money in the plan, even though state law...

Governing Law

A contract provision (also known as a choice of law) that determines which states laws should be followed in the event of a dispute.

Lex loci

A Latin term meaning the "law of [the] place". The principle that the law of the place giving rise to particular rights is the law that governs the rights of parties to a legal proceeding.

National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL)

A non-profit, unincorporated association consiting of commissioners appointed by each state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands. The purpose of this organization is to discuss and debate which...

occupy the field

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary To preempt or monopolize an area of statutory law by a higher authority, such as federal preemption over state laws on issues affecting interstate commerce, and state statutes or state constitutions...