constitutional law

custodial interrogation

Custodial interrogation refers to the questioning of a detained person by the police in connection with a criminal investigation. A person qualifies as detained not only when under arrest, but also whenever they are not free to leave for...

Department of Justice (DOJ)

The Department of Justice (DOJ) is the federal executive agency charged with enforcing federal law. Also referred to as the Justice Department or the DOJ. Its mission statement is “to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United...

disturbance of the peace

Disturbance (or breach) of the peace is a generic term encompassing a variety of conduct that violates public order, disturbs the public, or incites violence, including any violation of any law enacted to preserve peace and good order. It is...

Eighth Amendment

The Eighth Amendment of the United States Constitution states that: “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.”

The Excessive Bail section provides constitutional protection...

elections

Election Law: An Overview

Citizens make choices by voting in elections. Two types of elections exist: general elections and special elections. A general election occurs at a regularly scheduled interval as mandated by law. A special election...

electronic surveillance

Overview

Electronic surveillance is defined in federal law as the nonconsensual acquisition by an electronic, mechanical, or other surveillance device of the contents of any wire or electronic communication, under circumstances in which a party to the...

emergency powers

Overview

The Constitution does not expressly grant the President additional war powers or other powers in times of national emergency. However, many scholars think that the Framers implied these powers because the structural design of the Executive...

emolument

Emolument is a salary, fee, or profit received as a compensation for services, either from employment or from holding office.

In the context of Constitutional Law an emolument is “any perquisite, advantage, profit...

emoluments clause

Also known as the Title of Nobility Clause, Article I, Section 9, Clause 8 of the U.S. Constitution prohibits any person holding a government office from accepting any present, emolument, office, or title from any "King, Prince, or foreign State,"...

enumerated powers

Enumerated powers are the powers granted to the Federal government, and specifically Congress, which are mostly listed in Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution. Namely the power “to lay and collect taxes”, duties, impost and excises,...

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