copyright law

Access

Definition

1) In terms of copyright, access refers to the ability of a potential infringer to see or obtain the copyrighted material. Access is important in determining whether a potential infringer has in fact illicitly copied the copyrighted material...

Author

In copyright law, an author is a person who creates an original expressive work. The author is also the owner of the copyright unless the author assigns ownership to another in a written agreement. Examples of authors include artists, writers,...

Cease and Desist Letter

A cease-and-desist-letter is a cautionary letter sent to an alleged wrongdoer describing the alleged misconduct and demanding that the alleged misconduct be stopped. A cease-and-desist letter provides notice that legal action may and will be taken if...

Claim

1. A set of operative facts creating a right enforceable in court. Though generally synonymous with cause of action, "claim" is slightly broader because it captures not only wrongs with standard names (e.g., battery), but also newly created rights...

Claims

A patent claim is a formal description of the novel features of an invention and of the scope of protection created by the patent.

Clean Room

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA method of developing proprietary material in which an isolated development team is monitored. The purpose is to provide evidence that similarities to others works or products are due to legitimate...

Collective Work

Definition

A work, such as an issue of a magazine, an anthology or an encyclopedia, in which a number of contributions, constituting separate and independent works in themselves, are assembled into a collective whole. See 17 U.S.C. §101. This is...

Commercial Exploitation

Term that includes all activities used to benefit commercially from one's property. Examples include making property, selling it, offering it for sale, or licensing its appropriation or use.

See, e.g., Patent.

Compilation

Under the Copyright Act, a compilation is a "work formed by the collection and assembling of preexisting materials or of data that are selected, coordinated, or arranged in such a way that the resulting work as a whole constitutes an original work of...

Compulsory License

A compulsory license is a statutorily-created license that allows the use of copyrighted materials without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. In exchange, a royalty is paid to the copyright holder.

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