courts and procedure


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: jury instruction

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

interim order

Interim orders are provisional or temporary orders by judges or administrative agencies. It is an order that is put into effect pending a hearing, trial, final judgement, or an act by one of the parties. It is usually an order used...


The term “interlocutory” is used to indicate a lack of finality. For example:

An “interlocutory decree” is a judgement that does not settle all of the issues of a case and where the further action by the court is needed to...

International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is one of the constituent organs of the United Nations system. According to Article 92 of the UN Charter, all UN members are automatically state parties to the Statute of the ICJ.

List of Decided Cases...

International Criminal Court

The International Criminal Court: a backgrounder

The International Criminal Court (ICC), was established as the first permanent independent international criminal court with jurisdiction over persons for the most serious crimes of concern to the...

Joint and Several Liability


When two or more parties are jointly and severally liable for a tortious act, each party is independently liable for the full extent of the injuries stemming from the tortious act. Thus, if a plaintiff wins a money judgment against the parties...

Jones Act

The Merchant Marine Act of 1920, known as the Jones Act, is a federal statute establishing support for the development and maintenance of a merchant marine in order to support commercial activity and serve as a naval auxiliary in times of war or...


A person serving on a jury in a jury trial. In New York, potential jurors are selected at random from a cross-section of the community in the county or other governmental subdivision where the court convenes. See The Laws of New...

jury instruction

See jury instructions

Jury Instructions

Jury instructions are instructions for jury deliberation that are written by the judge and given to the jury. At trial, jury deliberation occurs after evidence is presented and closing arguments are made. Jury instructions...