courts and procedure


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryProvisional and not intended to by final. This usually refers to court orders which are temporary. See: interlocutory decree

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is one of the constituent organs of the United Nations system. According to Article 92 of the UN Charter, all UN members are automatically state parties to the Statute of the ICJ.

List of Decided Cases...

International Criminal Court

The International Criminal Court: a backgrounder

The International Criminal Court (ICC), was established as the first permanent independent international criminal court with jurisdiction over persons for the most serious crimes of concern to the...

Joint and Several Liability


When two or more parties are jointly and severally liable for a tortious act, each party is independently liable for the full extent of the injuries stemming from the tortious act. Thus, if a plaintiff wins a money judgment against the parties...

Jones Act

The Merchant Marine Act of 1920, known as the Jones Act, is a federal statute establishing support for the development and maintenance of a merchant marine in order to support commercial activity and serve as a naval auxiliary in times of war or...


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA person who serves on a jury. Lists of potential jurors are obtained from sources such as voter registration rolls, telephone directories, and department of motor vehicles' lists. Individuals who are...

jury instruction

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA direction or explanation that a judge gives to a jury about the law that applies to a case.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Jury Instructions

Generally, after the end of a trial, but before the jury deliberates, the judge will give jury instructions. These inform the jury not only of the basic procedure of deliberations, but, more importantly, on the substance of the law on which they are...

jury selection

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe process by which a jury is chosen for a particular trial. In brief, a panel of potential jurors is called, they're questioned by the judge and attorneys, some may be dismissed for cause (such as bias...

Jury trial

A type of trial in which a judge determines questions of law and entrusts designated questions of fact to a panel of jurors.

See Bench trial (contrast).