courts and procedure

satisfaction of judgment

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA document signed by the party who is owed money under a court judgment (called the judgment creditor) stating that the full amount due on the judgment has been paid. If the judgment creditor has a lien...

scintilla

A hint or a spark. In common law, if there is even a trace of evidence on an issue, then the issue must be decided on the merits, and a motion for summary judgment or a directed verdict cannot succeed.

sealed verdict

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe decision of a jury when there is a delay in announcing the result, such as when court is not in session. The verdict is kept in a sealed envelope until handed to the judge when court reconvenes.

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sealing of records

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe requirement that trial records and court decisions must be kept under seal, in contrast to most other court records, which are available for public review. The records most commonly sealed are...

Securities dispute resolution: Discovery

The discovery process is the phase in which both parties research and investigate the facts and events that gave rise to the claim. During the discovery phase, parties will have access to information that was inaccessible to them before. While the...

Securities dispute resolution: Enforcing awards

When investors are granted awards in FINRA arbitration, they must be paid within thirty days unless the opposing party files a motion to vacate the award in a court. Because FINRA has authority to suspend brokerage firms or licensed brokers that do not...

Securities dispute resolution: Response

After the complaining party, or claimant, files a Statement of Claim and pays the required fees, the opposing party, or respondent, is served with the Statement of Claim, and a cover letter explaining the arbitration process and setting a time...

Seizure

Seizure occurs when the government or its agent removes property from an individual's possession as a result of unlawful activity or to satisfy a judgment entered by the court.

self-incrimination

DefinitionThe act of implicating oneself in a crime or exposing oneself to criminal prosecution. Overview

Self-incrimination may occur as a result of interrogation or may be made voluntarily. The Fifth Amendment of the Constitution protects a person...

Sentencing

sentencing: an overview

A criminal sentence refers to the formal legal consequences associated with a conviction. Types of sentences include probation, fines, short-term incarceration, suspended sentences, which only take effect if the convict fails to...

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