courts and procedure

Subpoena

A subpoena is a written order to compel an individual to give testimony on a particular subject, often before a court, but sometimes in other proceedings (such as a Congressional inquiry). Failure to comply with such an order to appear may be...

Subpoena duces tecum

A subpoena duces tecum is a type of subpoena that requires the witness to produce a document or documents pertinent to a proceeding. From the Latin duces tecum, meaning "you shall bring with you".

See, e.g., United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683 (...

Subsequent Remedial Measures

A repair or a change made after an accident has occurred which could have prevented the accident. Under the Federal Rules of Evidence, although subsequent remedial measures cannot be used to prove a party's wrongdoing or culpable conduct, evidence of a...

substantive law

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryStatutory or written law that governs the rights and obligations of everyone within its jurisdiction. It defines crimes and punishments, as well as civil rights and responsibilities. Compare: procedural...

substituted service

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA method for the formal delivery of court papers that takes the place of personal service. Personal service means that the papers are placed directly into the hands of the person to be served. Substituted...

substitution of parties

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA replacement of one of the parties in a lawsuit because of events that prevent the party from continuing with the trial. For example, substitution of parties may occur when one party dies or, in the case...

Subsume

To bring a specific occurrence within a broad rule. When a court subsumes a case, it decides that it fits within an established analytical framework. From there, the court plugs each relevant fact of the case into the broad rule and obtains its...

sufficient cause

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: good cause

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

suit

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: lawsuit

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

summary adjudication

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA court order ruling that certain factual issues are already determined prior to trial, based on a motion by one of the parties, supported by evidence, contending that these issues are settled and need...

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