courts and procedure

summation

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe final argument of an attorney at the close of a trial in which he or she attempts to convince the judge or jury of the virtues of the client's case. (See also: closing argument)

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summons

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA form prepared by the plaintiff and issued by a court that informs the defendant that he or she has been sued. The summons requires that the defendant file a response with the court -- or in many small...

supersedeas

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary(soo-per-seed-es) Latin for "you shall desist," an order (writ) by an appeals court commanding a lower court not to enforce or proceed with a judgment or sentence pending the decision on the appeal or...

Supplemental Jurisdiction

A way for federal courts to hear claims for which they would not ordinarily have jurisdiction. Supplemental jurisdiction only exists in the situation where a lawsuit consists of more than one claim, and the federal court has valid jurisdiction (either...

Suppression

In a criminal case, most evidence gathered in violation of the Constitution is inadmissible at trial, due to the exclusionary rule. Evidence that has been kept out in this manner is said to have been “suppressed.”

surrebuttal

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryIn written or oral legal argument, the moving party's response to the responding party's rebuttal to the initial argument.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

swindle

Definition

To cheat a person out of money or property through fraud or deceit.

target witness

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA witness whom the grand jury seeks to indict, or a witness who has specific information sought by the grand jury.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

temporary injunction

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: preliminary injunction

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Temporary receivership

A remedy in which the court appoints a person to temporarily manage a piece of property that is in the defendant's possession. This remedy is available only when the plaintiff is asserting an equity claim in which the piece of property is the subject...

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