courts and procedure

treason

Definition

The offense of betraying one’s own country by attempting to overthrow the government through waging war against the state or materially aiding its enemies. Also termed high treason; alta proditio.

According to the United States...

Trial

An adversary proceeding in court that weighs legal claims after a presentation of evidence.

trial court

Definition

A court of original jurisdiction where evidence and testimony are first introduced, received, and considered. Findings of fact and law are made in the trial court, and the findings of law may be appealed to a higher court that has the...

trial de novo

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA trial held on appeal, in which the appeals court holds a trial as if no prior trial had been held, considering the evidence anew rather than reviewing the lower court's decision for correctness. A trial...

Trial practice

trial practice: an overview

Only a small percentage of legal disputes are litigated in a court. When litigation does occur, several areas govern the lawyers' conduct of the trial or trial practice:

Criminal procedure Civil procedure Appellate...

v.

Definition

An abbreviation for versus, meaning against. Used in case names, e.g. McDonald v. Chicago, 130 S.Ct. 3020 (2010).

See also

Adverse party

Vacate

Definition1) In civil and criminal procedure

To set aside or annul a previous judgment or order.

2) In property law

To surrender or leave the premises.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Sears v. Upton, 130 S.Ct. 3259 (2010) (a judgment) and...

Vacatur

Definition

Latin for "it is vacated." A rule or order that sets aside a judgment or annuls a proceeding.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Monsanto Co. v. Geertson Seed Farms, 130 S.Ct. 2743 (2010).

See also

Vacate

Vague

Definition

Hazy, uncertain, or imprecise. Used in reference to words — especially sentences and paragraphs — that are not clearly expressed. A criminal statute is void for vagueness if it is so vague that it fails to give a person fair notice of what...

Vagueness doctrine

Definition

1) A constitutional rule that requires criminal laws to state explicitly and definitely what conduct is punishable. Criminal laws that violate this requirement are said to be void for vagueness. Vagueness doctrine rests on the due process...

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