The requirement that trial records and court decisions must be kept under seal, in contrast to most other court records, which are available for public review. The records most commonly sealed are criminal records of underage offenders; cases might also be sealed if they involve inventions, proprietary business information, or national security.
courts and procedure
The decision of a jury when there is a delay in announcing the result, such as when court is not in session. The verdict is kept in a sealed envelope until handed to the judge when court reconvenes.
A hint or a spark. In common law, if there is even a trace of evidence on an issue, then the issue must be decided on the merits, and a motion for summary judgment or a directed verdict cannot succeed.
A document signed by the party who is owed money under a court judgment (called the judgment creditor) stating that the full amount due on the judgment has been paid. If the judgment creditor has a lien on real property belonging to the judgment debtor, then the judgment debtor may demand that the judgment creditor record the satisfaction of judgment with the County Recorder (or Recorder of Deeds).
A set of procedural rules adopted by local, state, or federal courts that instruct parties and attorneys what the court's mandatory procedures are about things like the time allowed to file papers, format of documents, filing procedures and fees, basis for calculating alimony and child support.
1) Requesting a court to reinstate the force of an old judgment. 2) Reinstating a contract or debt by a new agreement after the right to demand performance or collect has expired under the statute of limitations.
The judicial consideration of a lower court judgment by an appellate court, determining if there were legal errors sufficient to require reversal. In reviewing a lower court decision or order, appellate courts focus on errors of a legal nature and will usually not disturb factual findings.
A legal mistake at the trial court level that is so significant (resulted in an improper judgment) that the judgment must be reversed by the appellate court. A reversible error is distinguished from an error which is minor or did not contribute to the judgment at the trial.
A new trial (by the same court as made the decision in the first trial), granted upon the motion of the losing party, based on obvious error, bias, or newly discovered evidence.