courts and procedure

Impleader

A procedural device through which third parties can be brought into litigation. Typically, the device is used by defendants who bring in another party and try to show that this "third party defendant" is liable instead of the original defendant. see, e...

In Camera

A Latin term literally meaning "in chambers" but carrying the meaning "in private". This refers to portions of a case that are held in private before a judge. The press and the public are not allowed to take part.

In Chambers

Discussions or hearings held in the judge's office, called his or her chambers.

(See also: in camera)

In Forma Pauperis

A Latin term meaning "in the manner of a pauper." Allowing a poor person to bring suit without liability for the costs of the suit.

In Re

Latin for "in the matter of." Used in legal documents to refer to a case, particularly a case without an opposing party. For example, "In re Estate of Ruth Bentley" might be used to refer to a probate case about the estate of Ruth Bentley.

Inadmissible Evidence

Evidence that can not be presented to the jury or decision maker for any of a variety of reasons: it was improperly obtained, it is prejudicial (the prejudicial value outweighs the probative value), it is hearsay, it is not relevant to the case, etc....

information and belief

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryLanguage used in legal proceedings to qualify a statement and prevent a claim of perjury. A person making a statement based on information and belief often lacks personal knowledge as to the statement but...

inspection of documents

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe process of examining and copying documents in the possession of an opposing party in a lawsuit.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

instruction

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: jury instruction

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

interim order

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA temporary order made by a judge pending a hearing or trial, where a final order will be entered.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

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