courts and procedure

wrongful death

Wrongful death is a civil cause of action brought by family members and dependents against individuals who knowingly or negligently cause the death of another person. A wrongful death action may be brought against a person also facing...

year and a day


A period of time running from any date until the same date in the following year, e.g. from January 1 to January 1 of the following year. At common law, the statute of limitations for filing certain claims and prosecuting certain crimes....

year and day


See year and a day.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Rogers v. Tennessee, 532 U.S. 451 (2001).

See also

Year and a day rule


To yield is to give something up or surrender control, especially when required by law. For example, to stop in order to allow other vehicles or pedestrians to go past -- the right-of-way. To yield is also to bring forth a result, as when a search...

your Honor

Your Honor is the honorific for a judge, and the traditional manner in which a judge would be addressed; usually appearing in court activities. See, e.g. Uttecht v. Brown, 551 U.S. 1, 23 (2007).

[Last updated in April of 2022 by the...

youthful offender

A youthful offender is an adolescent who committed a crime, who may not be tried in an adult court; instead will be tried in a juvenile court. The youthful offenders may take some responsibility for the unlawful behavior and may not be...


Zambrano (Zambrano v. I.N.S.) was a class action case that lasted from 1988 to 2002 in which the plaintiffs, undocumented aliens, challenged I.N.S. regulations, arguing they unduly restrict the eligibility of undocumented aliens who might...

zealous witness

A zealous witness is someone whose testimony is clearly biased in favor of the party for whom they are testifying. This is usually the case when a witness shows far more than expected enthusiasm when providing testimony.