The Supreme Court held that three factory surveys conducted by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) did not constitute a seizure of the entire work force under the Fourth Amendment. The Supreme Court also held that the individual questioning regarding citizenship of the respondents, U.S. citizens and legal residents, did not constitute a seizure under the Fourth Amendment. (Read the opinion here.)
The Court held in Waters-Pierce Oil Co. v. Texas, 212 U.S. 86 (1909), that States, through their police powers, have the authority to punish crimes; The Supreme Court can only interfere with state legislation if fines are grossly excessive.
The U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that juvenile offenders cannot be sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole for a non-homicide crime, because such a sentence violates the Eighth Amendment's prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment.
- Full text: Graham v. Florida