criminal law


Reprieve means the temporary suspension or delay in the implementation of a criminal sentence ordered by the court. During the time of the reprieve, the implementation of the sentence is postponed. Nevertheless, that does not imply that the...

resisting arrest

Resisting arrest is the crime of preventing or hindering an arrest. Also referred to as "resisting an officer" or sometimes merely as "resisting" or “obstructing.” Many states have specific criminal statutes making resisting arrest a crime....


A person or body who can be held accountable for carrying out a duty is considered responsible.

In the context of tort law, it may refer to a party who caused injury, and is therefore synonymous with liable. In the context of...


Refers both to disgorging something which has been taken, and to compensation for loss or injury done.

In civil cases: A remedy associated with unjust enrichment in which the amount of recovery is typically based on the defendant's gain rather...


Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961-68. A federal law targeting organized criminal activity. To protect economic enterprise, RICO threatens with civil and criminal penalties persons who benefit from racketeering or...

right to jury trial


The right to a jury trial refers to the right provided by the Sixth and Seventh Amendments. The Sixth Amendment states that in all criminal prosecutions, the accused criminal has the right to a trial by an impartial jury of the...


A riot is a public disturbance where three or more people behave in a violent and uncontrolled manner. A riot usually has the following characteristics:

made in furtherance of an express common purpose; through the use or threat of...

roadside test

See field sobriety test.

[Last updated in April of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]


A crime at common law. The unlawful taking of property from the person of another through the use of threat or force.


A rout is a crime that is the stage before a riot, but after an unlawful assembly. According to Follis et al. v. the State, unlawful assemblies, routs and riots are all "allied disturbances of the public peace." A rout is described as three...