criminal law and procedure

Infancy

Defense to prosecution for a crime that a minor was incapable of criminal conduct based on his age.

information

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe name of the document, sometimes called a criminal complaint or petition, in which a prosecutor charges a criminal defendant with a crime, either a felony or a misdemeanor. The information tells the...

infraction

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA minor violation of law commonly punishable by a fine -- for example, a traffic or parking ticket. Compare: misdemeanor

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Initial appearance

When a defendant appears before a judge within a certain number of hours of an arrest in order for the the judge to determine if there is probable cause for the arrest.

Insurance fraud

insurance fraud: an overview

Insurance fraud refers to any duplicitous act performed with the intent to obtain an improper payment from an insurer. The pervasiveness of insurance fraud drives up costs for all consumers and costs the insurance industry...

international crimes

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The following is a non-exhaustive list of crimes under international criminal law

prohibition on the use of force;the law of genocide;principle of racial non-discrimination;crimes against humanity;prohibiting trade in...

International Criminal Court

The International Criminal Court: a backgrounder

The International Criminal Court (ICC), was established as the first permanent independent international criminal court with jurisdiction over persons for the most serious crimes of concern to the...

International criminal tribunals

International criminal tribunals are temporary (ad hoc) or permanent courts convened for the purpose of deciding cases arising under international criminal law. Examples of international criminal tribunals include:

Nuremberg Military Tribunals,...

intoxication

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) The condition of being under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Intoxication is not criminal until it impairs a person's ability to operate a vehicle with normal caution ("drunk driving") based on...

Investigatory stops

A brief stop that is not intrusive. In order to conduct such a stop, a police officer must have reasonable suspicion that a crime been committed. This reasonable suspicion must be based on specific and articulable facts.

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