criminal law and procedure

Model Penal Code Insanity Defense

The Model Penal Code presents a distinct formulation of the insanity defense. Under this test, an individual is not liable for criminal offenses if, when he or she committed the crime or crimes, the individual suffered from a mental disease or defect...

Money Laundering

money laundering: an overview

Money laundering refers to a financial transaction scheme that aims to conceal the identity, source, and destination of illicitly-obtained money. The money laundering process can be broken down into three stages. First, the...

Motion To Quash

To vacate, annul, or void especially through judicial action.

Necessity defense

Defense to liability for unlawful activity where the conduct cannot be avoided and one is justified in the particular conduct because it will prevent the occurrence of a harm that is more serious. In tort law, there are two different categories of the...

Newly discovered evidence


See after-discovered evidence.

No-Knock Warrant

A no-knock warrant is a search warrant authorizing police officers to enter certain premises without first knocking and announcing their presence or purpose prior to entering the premises. Such warrants are issued where an entry pursuant to the knock-...



A jail or correctional facility that confines convicted criminals for an extended period of time.

Phone and telemarketing fraud

Phone and Telemarketing Fraud: an overview

Phone and telemarketing fraud refers to any type of scheme in which a criminal communicates with the potential victim via the telephone. Because many reputable companies use telemarketing to conduct business,...

Piracy (Maritime)

Piracy is when non-state actors commit war-like acts against ships. In the United States, piracy is governed by admiralty law. Piracy is prohibited by both United States and international law.

At present, prosecuting pirates presents several...

Plain View Doctrine

The plain view doctrine allows a police officer to seize objects not described in a warrant when executing a lawful search or seizure if he observes the object in plain view and has probable cause to believe that it is connected with criminal...