criminal law and procedure

Trial on the merits

A determination in a judicial proceeding of facts or issues brought before it in accordance with jurisdictional authorities.

true bill

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe name for the decision by a grand jury that the evidence presented to it, contained in the prosecutor's indictment, justifies charging the defendant with a crime. This decision results in the...

Vacate

Definition1) In civil and criminal procedure

To set aside or annul a previous judgment or order.

2) In property law

To surrender or leave the premises.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Sears v. Upton, 130 S.Ct. 3259 (2010) (a judgment) and...

Vacatur

Definition

Latin for "it is vacated." A rule or order that sets aside a judgment or annuls a proceeding.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Monsanto Co. v. Geertson Seed Farms, 130 S.Ct. 2743 (2010).

See also

Vacate

Vagrancy

Definition

Roaming from place to place without a permanent job, home, or material resources. Many criminal statutes targeting vagrancy have been declared invalid for being unconstitutionally vague — a violation of due process.

Illustrative caselaw...

Vehicular homicide

Definition

A crime in which the defendant's unlawful or negligent operation of a motor vehicle results in the death of another person. Also called automobile homicide and vehicular manslaughter. Such laws vary by jurisdiction, but vehicular homicide...

Venire

Definition

A panel of prospective jurors. A jury is eventually chosen from the venire.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Skilling v. United States, 130 S.Ct. 2896 (2010).

See also

Jury duty

Jury selection

Jury trial

Venire...

Venire facias

Definition

A writ from a judge directing a sheriff to assemble prospective jurors. Sometimes abbreviated as venire.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Powers v. United States, 223 U.S. 303 (1912).

See also

Jury duty

Jury selection

Jury...

Venire facias de novo

Definition

A writ from a judge summoning a new jury panel because of a problem with the original jury's verdict or return. A venire facias de novo results in a new trial. Sometimes abbreviated as venire de novo.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g....

Veniremen

Definition

Persons who form a venire; prospective jurors.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Skilling v. United States, 130 S.Ct. 2896 (2010) (Sotomayor, J., dissenting in part).

See also

Jury duty

Jury selection

Jury trial

...

Pages