criminal law and procedure

Money Laundering

money laundering: an overview

Money laundering refers to a financial transaction scheme that aims to conceal the identity, source, and destination of illicitly-obtained money. The money laundering process can be broken down into three stages. First, the illegal activity that garners the money places it in the launderer’s hands. Second, the launderer passes the money through a complex scheme of transactions to obscure who initially received the money from the criminal enterprise. Third, the scheme returns the money to the launderer in an obscure and indirect way.

Computer and Internet Fraud


Fraud through the criminal use of a computer or the Internet can take many different forms. “Hacking” is a common form, in which a perpetrator uses technological tools to remotely access a protected computer or system.

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Bankruptcy fraud


Bankruptcy fraud is a white-collar crime that commonly takes four general forms:

Federal Statutes

Federal Judicial Decisions

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Credit Card Fraud

credit card fraud: an overview

Credit card fraud is a form of identity theft that involves an unauthorized taking of another’s credit card information for the purpose of charging purchases to the account or removing funds from it. Federal law limits cardholders’ liability to $50 in the event of credit card theft, but most banks will waive this amount if the cardholder signs an affidavit explaining the theft.

Credit card fraud schemes generally fall into one of two categories of fraud: application fraud and account takeover.

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Federal Material

Federal Fraud Statutes

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State Materials

New York State Judicial Decisions

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Corrupt solicitation, acceptance, or transfer of value in exchange for official action.


Bribery refers to the offering, giving, soliciting, or receiving of any item of value as a means of influencing the actions of an individual holding a public or legal duty. This type of action results in matters that should be handled objectively being handled in a manner best suiting the private interests of the decision maker. Bribery constitutes a crime and both the offeror and the recipient can be criminally charged.


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