criminal law and procedure

venire

Definition

A panel of prospective jurors. A jury is eventually chosen from the venire.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Skilling v. United States, 130 S.Ct. 2896 (2010).

See also

Jury duty

Jury selection

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Venire facias

Definition

A writ from a judge directing a sheriff to assemble prospective jurors. Sometimes abbreviated as venire.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Powers v. United States, 223 U.S. 303 (1912).

See also

Jury duty

Jury selection

Jury...

Venire facias de novo

Definition

A writ from a judge summoning a new jury panel because of a problem with the original jury's verdict or return. A venire facias de novo results in a new trial. Sometimes abbreviated as venire de novo.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g....

Veniremen

Veniremen refers to individuals selected either to be screened as potential jurors or to actually be jurors in a case. The term comes from old Latin venire writs in England that were required to be given to the sheriff in order for a jury to...

Venue

Definition

In general, a place or location in which something takes place. The proper place to hold a civil or criminal trial, usually because important related events have taken place there.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Cortez Byrd Chips, Inc. v...

Verdict

Definition

A jury's findings or conclusions on the factual issues presented by a case. Sometimes, the term also refers to the judge's resolution of issues in a bench trial.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005...

weight of evidence

Weight of evidence is the believability or persuasiveness of evidence in probative value, not the quantity or amount of evidence. Weight of evidence is not determined by mathematics, but depends on its effect in inducing belief. In State v....

wet reckless

Wet reckless is an informal term for a plea bargain reached where someone charged with a DUI receives a lesser charge usually for reckless driving. The charge is called “wet” because reckless charges do not include driving under the influence...

wiretapping

Wiretapping is the act of recording communications between parties, often without their consent. While wiretaps can be a powerful tool for authorities conducting criminal investigations, they are also legally at odds with the right to privacy...

witness stand

The witness stand is the location in a courtroom where a witness sits or stands while giving testimony. This is usually a platform to the left and slightly below the judge's seat. A witness called to testify is said to "take the stand."...

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