criminal law and procedure

Arrest

An arrest is using legal authority to deprive a person of his or her freedom of movement. An arrest is generally made with an arrest warrant. An arrest may be made without a warrant if probable cause and exigent circumstances are presented at the...

Arrest Warrant

An arrest warrant is a document issued by a judge or magistrate that authorizes the police to take someone accused of a crime into custody. An arrest warrant is issued by the competent authority upon a showing of probable cause, which means a warrant...

Arson

Definition

A crime at common law, originally defined as the malicious burning of the dwelling of another. Depending upon the jurisdiction, the intentional setting of a fire to a building, or else the intentional setting of a fire to a building where...

Assault and Battery

Overview

Assault and battery exists in both the tort law context and the criminal law context.

Respectively, "assault" and "battery" are separate offenses. However, they often occur together, and that occurrence is referred to as "assault and...

Attempt

Definition

Even if a defendant fails to fully complete a crime, he or she can be charged with attempt, i.e. in the case of an uncompleted or inchoate offense. While the requirements for proving attempt vary by jurisdiction, generally specific intent...

Attest

Definition

To testify or confirm that something is true, genuine, or authentic. See attestation.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. Keely v. Moore, 196 U.S. 38 (1904).

See alsoAttestation clauseEstates and trusts

Attorney

Definition

1) Someone authorized to practice law; a lawyer. Also called attorney-at-law and public attorney.

2) Less commonly, an agent authorized to act on behalf of another person, but not necessarily authorized to practice law, e.g. a person...

Attorney at Law (or Attorney-At-Law)

Definition

Someone authorized to practice law; a lawyer. Also called attorney and public attorney.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Supreme Court of Virginia v. Consumers Union of U.S., Inc., 446 U.S. 719 (1980).

See alsoAttorney-in-factAttorney...

Attorney Fees

Definition

See attorney's fees (or attorneys' fees).

Attorney General

Definition

The chief law enforcement officer of the federal government or a state. The U.S. Attorney General represents the United States in litigation, oversees federal prosecutors, and advises the President and heads of federal, executive departments...

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