criminal law and procedure

pillaging

Pillaging, also known as plundering, is the forced seizure of another’s property, especially during wartime. Sometimes, pillaging refers to the property so seized or plundered during wartime.

Pillaging is classified as a...

Pinkerton liability

Pinkerton liability allows defendants in criminal conspiracy cases to be found guilty of crimes committed by their co-conspirators. The Pinkerton liability doctrine was established in 1946 by the Supreme Court in Pinkerton v. U.S.

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piracy (maritime)

Piracy (within the context of maritime law) is when non-state actors commit war-like acts against ships, such as hijacking a ship, taking hostages, etc. In the United States, piracy is governed by admiralty law. Piracy is prohibited by both...

plain view doctrine

Plain view doctrine is a rule of criminal procedure which allows an officer to seize evidence of a crime without a warrant when the evidence is clearly visible. This doctrine acts as an exception to the Fourth Amendment’s right to be free...

plea bargain

A plea bargain, also known as “negotiating a plea,” is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant where the defendant agrees to plead guilty to the charges against them. A plea is a criminal law term referring to the accused...

plea colloquy

A plea colloquy is the conversation between a judge and a criminal defendant after the defendant enters a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, but prior to the judge accepting the plea. The plea colloquy is intended to ensure that the defendant...

Ponzi scheme

Ponzi schemes are a type of investment fraud in which investors are promised artificially high rates of return with little or no risk. Original investors and the perpetrators of the fraud are paid off by funds from later investors, but there...

post mortem

Post mortem is Latin for "after death." Some common uses of the term “post-mortem” in a legal sense include the following:

Post-mortem tax planning involves creating a plan to reduce tax liability for the estate and its beneficiaries...

preliminary hearing

A preliminary hearing, also called a “probable cause hearing,” is an adversarial proceeding conducted by a judge or magistrate (and not a jury) to determine if the prosecution has enough evidence to go to trial.The hearing is limited to the...

premeditation

Premeditation is when an individual contemplates, for any length of time, the undertaking of an activity and then subsequently takes the action.

In Roby v. State, the Supreme Court of Mississippi stated that premeditation is...

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