criminal law and procedure

racism

Racism is the incitation of discrimination, hatred or violence towards a person or a group of persons because of their origin or their belonging, or not belonging, to a specific ethnic group or race. Such discrimination, hatred and violence...

Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO)

The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) is a federal law (codified at 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961-68) targeting organized criminal activity and racketeering. RICO enhances existing criminal punishments and creates new causes of...

racketeering

Racketeering is a set of illegal activities aimed at commercial profit that may be disguised as legitimate business deals. Racketeering is defined by a coordinated effort by multiple people to repeatedly earn a profit. Typically, by fraud,...

ransom

Ransom is money or other consideration paid to or demanded by someone in exchange for the release of a kidnapped person or stolen property. It may also refer to the verb of demanding or paying the money to release the kidnapped person....

rape

Rape is a crime at common law defined as unlawful sexual intercourse with someone without their consent and by means of fear, force, or coercion. While statutes outlining the definition of the act vary across jurisdictions, most criminalize...

reasonable belief

When there exists a reasonable basis to believe that a crime is being or has already been committed.

reasonable suspicion

Overview

Reasonable suspicion is a standard used in criminal procedure. Reasonable suspicion is used in determining the legality of a police officer's decision to perform a search.

When an officer stops someone to search the person, courts...

recidivism

Recidivism is the tendency for an offender to engage in repeated criminal behavior. This usually refers to the condition of being convicted for a crime, serving the sentence, and then committing another crime that results in a new conviction...

recidivist

A recidivist is an offender who repeatedly or habitually engages in criminal behavior. This usually refers to an individual being convicted of a crime, serving the sentence, and then committing another crime that results in a new conviction...

refresh one's recollection

See: present recollection refreshed

[Last updated in May of 2022 by the Wex Definitions Team]

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