criminal law and procedure


Roaming from place to place without a permanent job, home, or material resources. Many criminal statutes targeting vagrancy have been declared invalid for being unconstitutionally vague — a violation of due process.

See, e.g. Papachristou v....

Vega v. Tekoh (2022)

Vega v. Tekoh (2022) is the Supreme Court case that ruled a Miranda Rights violation does not provide a basis for relief under 42 U.S. Code § 1983.


The case involved the interrogation of Terence Tekoh by the...

vehicular homicide

A crime in which the defendant's unlawful or negligent operation of a motor vehicle results in the death of another person. Also called automobile homicide and vehicular manslaughter. Such laws vary by jurisdiction, but vehicular homicide is...



A panel of prospective jurors. A jury is eventually chosen from the venire.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Skilling v. United States, 130 S.Ct. 2896 (2010).

See also

Jury duty

Jury selection


venire facias

A writ from a judge directing a sheriff to assemble prospective jurors. Sometimes abbreviated as venire.

See, e.g. Powers v. United States, 223 U.S. 303 (1912).

See also

Jury duty

Jury selection


venire facias de novo

A writ from a judge summoning a new jury panel because of a problem with the original jury's verdict or return. A venire facias de novo results in a new trial. Sometimes abbreviated as venire de novo.

See, e.g.: Parsons v. Bedford, Breedlove...


Veniremen refers to individuals selected either to be screened as potential jurors or to actually be jurors in a case. The term comes from old Latin venire writs in England that were required to be given to the sheriff in order for a jury to...


In general, a place or location in which something takes place. The proper place to hold a civil or criminal trial, usually because important related events have taken place there.

See, e.g. Cortez Byrd Chips, Inc. v. Bill Harbert Construction...


A verdict is the formal decision or judgment rendered by a court at the conclusion of a trial or legal proceeding. It represents the culmination of the entire legal process. Verdicts are reached by a judge or a jury, depending on the type of...


Warrantless means that government officers carry out a search or arrest without a warrant or any other legal authorization. The requirement of a warrant serves to protect individuals’ privacy interests against unreasonable governmental...