disability law

Able to Work


Capable of employment. A person who is able to work is ineligible to receive unemployment benefits on the basis of illness or injury.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. International Union, et al. v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (...

actuarial tables


Statistical tables that display the life expectancies of people based on certain characteristics such as age, gender, family...


See: Americans with Disabilities Act

Administrative Law Judge (ALJ)


An independent hearing examiner who presides at an administrative hearing. An ALJ has the power to administer oaths, receive evidence, take testimony, and make initial findings of fact or law. An ALJ’s findings are subject to review...

After-Acquired Evidence

After-acquired evidence is evidence discovered after an employee is fired, that shows the employee’s misconduct during their employment would have eventually led to termination. In Mckennon v. Nashville Banner Publishing Co., the Supreme...

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal law that prohibits discrimination against people with physical or mental disabilities in employment, public services, and places of public accommodation, such as restaurants, hotels, and...


In contract law, a person's ability to satisfy the elements required for someone to enter binding contracts. For example, capacity rules often require a person to have reached a minimum age and to have soundness of mind.

Conditional SSI Payments

Conditional supplemental security income (SSI) payments give SSI recipients payments when they have non-liquid resources that push them over SSI resource limits. Under SSI, recipients must remain below a certain threshold limit on resources...

Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health (1990)

Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health (1990) was an important United States Supreme Court case involving an incompetent young adult and the “right to die.” This case was the first "right to die" case heard by the Supreme Court. In...