disability law

Able to Work

Definition

Capable of employment. A person who is able to work is ineligible to receive unemployment benefits on the basis of illness or injury.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. International Union, et al. v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (...

actuarial tables

Definition

Statistical tables that display the life expectancies of people based on certain characteristics such as age, gender, family...

ADA

See: Americans with Disabilities Act

Administrative Law Judge (ALJ)

Definition

An independent hearing examiner who presides at an administrative hearing. An ALJ has the power to administer oaths, receive evidence, take testimony, and make initial findings of fact or law. An ALJ’s findings are subject to review...

After-Acquired Evidence

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryIn employment law, facts the employer learns after firing an employee for which the employer would have fired the employee anyway. After-acquired evidence may be used as a defense to a wrongful...

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal law that prohibits discrimination against people with physical or mental disabilities in employment, public services, and places of public accommodation, such as restaurants, hotels, and...

Capacity

In contract law, a person's ability to satisfy the elements required for someone to enter binding contracts. For example, capacity rules often require a person to have reached a minimum age and to have soundness of mind.

Conditional SSI Payments

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryTemporary SSI payments made on the condition that the recipient get rid of certain assets in an appropriate manner. They are made if an applicant for SSI has too many assets to qualify for that program....

Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health (1990)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

The U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court held that family members could not refuse life-sustaining medical treatment -- such as a feeding tube -- on behalf of incompetent patients, absent clear...

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