disability law

Individualized Education Program

The process provided under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act to evaluate the educational needs of and develop an academic plan for students with disabilities. It refers both to 1) the meetings where the school district determines whether or not a child is eligible for special education services and if so, the plan for the coming year, and 2) the annual detailed written description of the program and services to help children with special needs succeed in school.

Essential Job Functions

The fundamental duties of a position -- those things that the person holding the job absolutely must be able to do. An employee with a disability must be able to perform the essential job functions, with or without a reasonable accommodation, to be protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Disability Benefits

Disability benefits refers to money available from the government for disabled persons.  These benefits are available under Title II of the Social Security Act as Social Security, and under Title XVI as Supplemental Security Income.  Additionally, several states have enacted statutory disability programs, known as disability insurance.

Federal Disability Benefits:  http://www.ssa.gov/disability/

Information on Social Security Disability:  http://www.ssa.gov/pubs/10029.html

Information on Supplemental Security Income:  http://www.ssa.gov/ssi/
 

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