education law

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

Brown v. Board of Education (1954) was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that struck down the “Separate but Equal” doctrine and outlawed the ongoing segregation in schools. The court ruled that laws mandating and enforcing...

Education

Education law: An Overview

One government function is education, which is administered through the public school system by the Department of Education. The states, however, have primary responsibility for the maintenance and operation of public schools...

FAPE

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: free appropriate public education

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Free Appropriate Public Education

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA requirement of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act that a child with disabilities is entitled to an educational program (including classroom setting, teaching strategies, and services) that...

Individualized Education Program

The process provided under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act to evaluate the educational needs of and develop an academic plan for students with disabilities. It refers both to 1) the meetings where the school district determines...

least restrictive environment

The lease restrictive environment (LRE) is part of the Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA). Under § 1412 (a)(5) of U.S. Code Title 20, children with disabilities should be educated in general classes to the “maximum extent appropriate...

LRE

See: Least Restrictive Environment

Mainstreaming

“Mainstreaming” or the “least restrictive environment” is mandated by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Mainstreaming requires that, “to the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities . . . [be] educated with children...

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

The No Child Left Behind Act was a major education reform initiated by President George W. Bush in 2001. The bill, which became the primary federal law regulating K-12 education, revamped the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). The...

Separation of church and state

Separation of Church and State is a phrase that refers to the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. The phrase dates back to the early days of U.S. history, and Thomas Jefferson referred to the First Amendment as creating a “wall of...

Pages