employee benefits

Able to Work

Definition

Capable of employment. A person who is able to work is ineligible to receive unemployment benefits on the basis of illness or injury.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. International Union, et al. v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (...

ADEA

See: Age Discrimination in Employment Act

After-Acquired Evidence

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryIn employment law, facts the employer learns after firing an employee for which the employer would have fired the employee anyway. After-acquired evidence may be used as a defense to a wrongful...

Age Discrimination

Age discrimination happens when employers, labor organizations, and employment agencies treat an employee less favorably because of his or her age if the employee is at least 40 years old. It is protected by the Age Discrimination Employment Act of...

Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)

The purpose of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) is to protect relatively old workers (over age 40) from discrimination that works to the advantage of relatively young; discrimination against the relatively young is outside Act's...

Agency Shop

A place of employment in which full membership in a union is not required, but the union acts as an agent for the employees. Both union members and non-union members must pay periodic union dues and initiation fees whether they join or not since it is...

Agriculture

Agriculture: An Overview

Agriculture includes soil preparation, seed planting, crop harvesting, gardening, horticulture, viticulture, apiculture (bee-raising), dairying, poultry, and ranching. Generally, laws grouped under the heading "agricultural law...

Aleatory

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryDepending on an uncertain event. Usually applied to insurance contracts in which payment is dependent on the occurrence of an uncertain event, such as injury to an insured person or fire damage to an...

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal law that prohibits discrimination against people with physical or mental disabilities in employment, public services, and places of public accommodation, such as restaurants, hotels, and...

At-Will Employment

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn employment arrangement in which the employee may quit at any time, and the employer may fire the employee for any reason that is not illegal. For example, an employer may fire an at-will employee for...

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