Depending on an uncertain event. Usually applied to insurance contracts in which payment is dependent on the occurrence of an uncertain event, such as injury to an insured person or fire damage to an insured building.
A federal law that prohibits discrimination based on age against employees or applicants who are at least 40 years old. (See also: Older Workers Benefit Protection Act (OWBPA))
Treating an employee or applicant for employment less favorably because of his or her age, if the employee or applicant is at least 40 years old.
In employment law, facts the employer learns after firing an employee for which the employer would have fired the employee anyway. After-acquired evidence may be used as a defense to a wrongful termination lawsuit or to limit the damages available to an employee who was wrongfully fired. For example, an employer may discover, after illegally firing an employee because of his age, that the employee stole from the employer. The employer may use this evidence to limit its damages for lost wages in an age discrimination lawsuit to what the employee would have earned between the time he was fired and the time the employer would have discovered his theft and fired him absent any age discrimination.
Different treatment for similarly situated parties, especially when no legitimate reason appears to exist. An employer who rejects all male applicants and hires the first female applicant with the same qualifications might be discriminating on the basis of gender. The more repugnant the discrimination, the more likely it is to be found unlawful under the U.S. Constitution or some other law.
A federal statute that regulates hours, wages, and working conditions of employees and also child labor. It regulates minimum wage and the right to overtime pay. It also prohibits oppressive child labor.
A federal statute that requires employers with a certain number of employees to allow their employees to take leave under certain circumstances.
In the context of employment law, where an employee is terminated from employment involuntarily.
Refers to the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (also known as the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986). A federal statute that allow a person to continue their health insurance coverage past the date upon which they have been terminated from employment.