State statutes that 1) require employers to purchase insurance to protect their workers and 2) establish the liability of employers for injuries to workers while on the job or illnesses due to the employment. Workers' compensation is not based on the negligence of the employer; benefits are granted regardless of fault and include medical coverage, a percentage of lost wages, costs of retraining, and compensation for any permanent injury. Coverage does not include general damages for pain and suffering.
A program that provides medical care and replacement income to employees who are injured or become ill due to their jobs. Financial benefits may also extend to the survivors of workers who are killed on the job. In most circumstances, workers' compensation pays relatively modest amounts and prevents the worker or survivors from suing the employer for the injuries or death.
A federal law that requires employers with at least 100 employees to give workers some advance notice of an impending plant closing or mass layoff that will result in job loss or more than a 50% hours cut for a certain number or percentage of employees. (See also: mass layoff)
To receive any kind of Social Security benefit -- retirement, disability, dependents, or survivors -- the person on whose record the benefit is to be calculated must have accumulated enough work credits. A person can earn up to four work credits per year, and anyone who works full time, even at a very low-paying job, easily accumulates them. Ask the Social Security Administration for a copy of your Social Security Statement to see how many work credits you have accumulated.
The practice of holding back a portion of money from an employee's paycheck to pay Social Security, Medicare, and income taxes.
Payment, usually financial, that an employee or worker recieves in exchange for their work or labor from their employer.
A business in which a majority of the workers have voted to name a union as their certified bargaining agent. Employers may hire nonunion workers, but these workers must join the union within a specified amount of time. Compare: closed shop
A contract between an employer and a union requiring workers to make certain payments (called "agency fees") to the union as a condition of getting or keeping a job. Although it is illegal to require an employee to join a union, workers may be required to instead pay agency fees if such an agreement is in place. Union security agreements are prohibited in right to work states.
USERRA is a federal law found at 38 U.S.C. Section 4301 - 4335 guaranteeing certain employment rights to active and reserve military members. In short, USERRA prevents any employer from discriminating against a employee based on that employee's military service.