tangible employment action

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn actual change that has an actual adverse effect on the job or working conditions, such as a firing, demotion, or suspension. When an employee claims to have been discriminated against or harassed by a...


An ending of employment (such as a layoff) that is not a voluntary resignation.

Undue hardship

A degree of hardship in a proposed accommodation that is unreasonable or excessively costly for an employer to bear.

Unemployment compensation

Unemployment Compensation law: an overview

Unemployment insurance provides workers, whose jobs have been terminated through no fault of their own, monetary payments for a given period of time or until they find a new job. Unemployment payments are...

union security agreement

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA contract between an employer and a union requiring workers to make certain payments (called "agency fees") to the union as a condition of getting or keeping a job. Although it is illegal to require an...

union shop

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA business in which a majority of the workers have voted to name a union as their certified bargaining agent. Employers may hire nonunion workers, but these workers must join the union within a specified...

United Steelworkers of America v. Weber (1979)

United Steelworkers of American v. Weber (1979) is a U.S. Supreme Court case where the Court ruled that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits racial discrimination in the workplace, does not prohibit voluntary affirmative...

USERRA (The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act)

USERRA is a federal law found at 38 U.S.C. Section 4301 - 4335 guaranteeing certain employment rights to active and reserve military members. In short, USERRA prevents any employer from discriminating against a employee based on that employee's...

wage attachment

See: Attachment


Payment, usually financial, that an employee or worker recieves in exchange for their work or labor from their employer.