employment

Collective Bargaining

Definition

Collective bargaining refers to the negotiation process between an employer and a union comprised of workers to create an agreement that will govern the terms and conditions of the workers' employment.

Overview

The result of collective...

Collyer Doctrine

Applies when the National Labor Relations Board defers charges (ie. unfair labor practices) to the arbitration process when these charges are brought prior to an arbitration award. The National Labor Relations Board will, under this doctrine, refer...

Compensation

Compensation is payment or remuneration for work or services performed or for harm suffered (see also damages).

Workers’ compensation laws, for example, protect employees who suffer some harm in the course of their...

Conditional SSI Payments

Conditional supplemental security income (SSI) payments give SSI recipients payments when they have non-liquid resources that push them over SSI resource limits. Under SSI, recipients must remain below a certain threshold limit on resources...

Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal law that enables employees and their families to continue health care coverage under an employers group health plan even after they experience an event -- such as a layoff, termination, cut in...

Constructive Discharge

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryWhen an employee quits a job because working conditions are so intolerable that a reasonable person in the same situation would quit. For purposes of a discrimination or harassment lawsuit, a constructive...

Course of Employment

For an injury caused by an accident to be compensable under a workers’ compensation system, the accident must “arise out of employment” and occur “in the course of employment.”

“In the course of employment” refers to the time, place, and...

Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health (1990)

Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health (1990) was an important United States Supreme Court case involving an incompetent young adult and the “right to die.” This case was the first "right to die" case heard by the Supreme Court. In...

Darby v. United States (1941)

See United States v. Darby.

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