employment

Harassment

In employment law, offensive, unwelcome conduct based on the victim's protected characteristic, that is so severe or pervasive that it affects the terms and conditions of the victim's employment. Harassment may take the form of words, actions, gestures...

Hiring Firm

Commonly refers to a business that hires one or more independent contractors. Unlike an employer, a hiring firm does not have to withhold tax, contribute to Social Security and Medicare, or provide workers compensation for an independent contractor,...

Hiring Hall

A system whereby a union refers potential employees to an employer. Also may refer to a system of union work permits. Such referals and work permits may not discriminate based on membership in the union.

Hostile Work Environment

In employment law, a situation in which unlawful discrimination has become so frequent or severe that the environment of the workplace can be considered hostile to the employee.

Hot Cargo Clause

A clause prohibiting an employer from conducting business with some other person with whom the union has or may have a dispute. Such clauses are illegal unfair labor practices under NLRA Section 8(e). A union will violate the prohibition in section 8(...

I-94 Card

Nonimmigrant visitors entering the United States with a visa are required to complete a Arrival-Departure Record (CBP Form I-94) or the Crewman Landing Permit (CBP Form I-95). The Form I-94 shows the date of arrival in the United States, the date when...

Independent Contractor

A legal category of worker that is distinct and different from an employee. The key to the definition is that, unlike employees, independent contractors retain control over how they do their work. Employers are not required to withhold and pay...

Individual Retirement Account (IRA)

An IRA is an individual retirement account which allows you to put money away for retirement in a tax-advantaged way.

An IRA account can be set up at a financial institution. An individual can save for...

Individualized Education Program

The process provided under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act to evaluate the educational needs of and develop an academic plan for students with disabilities. It refers both to 1) the meetings where the school district determines...

Industrial Unionism

A form of union organizing which organizes all of the workers in a particular industry into the same union without regard for the skill or trade of each worker. The result is that workers in one or in all of the industries gain more leverage in...

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