American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009

The American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (ACES)(also referred to as the Waxman-Markey bill) primarily sought to promote a clean energy economy, reduce greenhouse emissions, and create energy independence. The ACES would have created...


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySlang for maximum, as the most interest that can be charged on an adjustable rate promissory note.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Cap and Trade

See cap-and-trade


Cap-and-trade is a system that limits aggregate emissions from a group of emitters by setting a “cap” on maximum emissions. It is characterized as a market-based policy to reduce overall emissions of pollutants and encourage business investment in...

Carbon Capture

Carbon capture, utilisation, and storage (CCUS) technologies prevent or remove carbon emissions from the atmosphere, and then the captured carbon is reused in manufacturing or stored underground. CCUS technology has yet to be widely adopted,...

Carbon Offset

Carbon offset is a method of controlling carbon dioxide emissions by counteracting emissions with another action that reduces carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. There are a variety of means to reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere such as...

Carbon Offsets

In cap-and-trade programs, carbon offsets are activities such as planting trees or carbon capture that legally offset the amount of carbon that a polluting entity has emitted.


In 15 U.S.C. §1127:

1) The exchanging, buying, or selling of things having economic value between two or more entities, for example goods, services, and money. Commerce is often done on a large scale, typically between individuals, businesses,...

Commerce Clause


The Commerce Clause refers to Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution, which gives Congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes.

Congress has...


Energy Law: An Overview

For most of American history, the federal government did not play an active role in the energy industries. (This history is often explained by the widespread belief in the unlimited supply of energy). During the Great Depression...