evidence

Attestation

Definition

Testimony or confirmation that something is true, genuine, or authentic. An attestation is frequently in writing. For example, a witness attests a will by signing it; his or her signature may confirm, inter alia, that he or she witnessed the...

Attestation Clause

Definition

A clause at the end of a document, in particular a will, which sets forth the legal requirements the document must satisfy, states that those requirements have been met, and is signed by one or more witnesses. An attestation clause...

Attorney Work Product

Definition

Written or oral materials prepared by or for an attorney in the course of legal representation, especially in preparation for litigation. Generally, an opposing party may not discover or compel disclosure of work product. In limited...

Authenticate

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryTo offer testimony that tells the judge what an item of evidence is and its connection to the case. The purpose of authentication is usually to establish that the evidence can be admitted for purposes of...

Authentication

In trial practice, the process by which a party attempting to have some sort of evidence admitted at trial must provide sufficient evidence so that a reasonable juror can conclude that the evidence the party seeks to admit is what that party claims it...

Automobile Exception

The "automobile exception" is an exception to the general requirement of a warrant for searches and seizures under the Fourth Amendment. Under the exception, a vehicle may be searched without a warrant when the evidence or contraband may possibly be...

Autopsy

Definition

A medical examination of a corpse to determine disease, injury, and cause of death, especially in a criminal investigation. Also termed postmortem; postmortem examination; necropsy; obduction.

Avowal

Overview

An avowal is a declaration made by an attorney during the trial process. This is an open declaration by an attorney representing a party in a lawsuit, made after the jury has been removed from the courtroom, that requests the admission of...

blanket search warrant

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn unconstitutionally broad authorization from a judge that allows the police to search multiple areas for evidence without specifying exactly what they are looking for.

Definition provided by Nolo’s...

Brady material

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryEvidence known to the prosecution that is favorable to the defense. Under the U.S. Supreme Court case of Brady v. Maryland, the prosecution's failure to hand over this exculpatory evidence is a violation...

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