evidence

Credible Witness

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA witness whose testimony is believable based on his or her experience, knowledge, training, and appearance of honesty and forthrightness.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Criminal Insanity

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA mental defect or disease that, as understood in most states, makes it impossible for a person to know what he or she is doing; or if he or she does know, to know that what they are doing is wrong. Some...

Criminal Intent

The intention to commit a crime.

Criminal Justice

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA generic term for the procedure by which criminal conduct is investigated, arrests made, evidence gathered, charges brought, defenses raised, trials conducted, sentences rendered, and punishment carried...

Cross-Examination

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAt trial, the opportunity to question any witness who testifies on behalf of any other party to the lawsuit (in civil cases) or for the prosecution or other codefendants (in criminal cases). The...

CSI Effect

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA phenomenon reported by prosecutors who claim that television shows based on scientific crime solving have made actual jurors reluctant to vote to convict when, as is typically true, forensic evidence is...

Daubert Standard

Definition

This is the standard used by a trial judge to assess whether an expert witness’s scientific testimony is based on scientifically valid reasoning that which can properly be applied to the facts at issue.

Overview

This standard comes from...

Dead Man's Statute

A Dead Man's Statute states that in a civil action, a party with an interest in the litigation may not testify against a dead party about communications with the dead party. The Federal Rules of Evidence does not contain a Dead Man's Statute, however,...

Declarant

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA person who signs a statement or declaration alleging that the information contained in the statement is true. Compare: affiant

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Declaration

Formal statement, proclamation, or announcement such as an affidavit.

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