evidence

Discovery

Discovery: An Overview

In civil actions, parties use the pre-trial discovery process to gather information in preparation for trial.

The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure have very liberal discovery provisions. Before the rules were adopted in 1938...

Disinterested Witness

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA witness who has no personal interest in the case.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Dismiss

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary(1) In a court setting, a judge may dismiss or throw out all or a portion of a plaintiff's lawsuit without further evidence or testimony upon being persuaded that the plaintiff has not and cannot prove...

Dismissal

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: dismiss

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Dispositive Fact

A fact that is decisive when answering a question of law. Sometimes used to refer to facts that resolve a legal dispute altogether (once they are proven with necessary certainty).

DNA

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryDeoxyribonucleic acid, a double chain of chromosomes in the nucleus of each living cell, whose combination determines each individual's hereditary characteristics. Because each person's DNA is different...

Doctrine of Completeness

Under Rule 106 of the Federal Rules of Evidence, when part of a writing or recorded statement is introduced, an adverse party may require introduction of any other part or any other writing or recorded statement which ought in fairness to be considered...

Documentary Evidence

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA document -- for example, a contract, deed, or will -- that is offered as evidence at a trial or hearing. Before being admitted as evidence, it must be proved that the document is genuine. This is called...

Dying Declaration

Definition

A dying declaration is a statement made by a declarant, who is unavailable to testify in court (typically because of the declarant's death), who made the statement under a belief of certain or impending death. The statement must also relate...

Earwitness

Someone who has firsthand knowledge of an event from hearing that event. These people are often called into a court of law to give testimony about what they have heard.

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