finance

Assess

In common parlance, to assess means to evaluate.

In legal contexts, the word assess is usually used in the context of tax law and means to ascertain a valuation of a piece of property for purposes of tax calculation (see...

Assessed Value

Assessed value is the value of a property, as determined (assessed) by a tax assessor or appraiser, for tax calculation purposes.

[Last updated in June of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]

Assume

To assume means to undertake. Generally, in legal contexts, to assume means to take over a certain duty or responsibility. For example, Alice may assume Bob’s liability for a debt (Alice may take over Bob’s debt).

In...

Assumption

An assumption is an assertion or statement that is taken as true or supposed as a fact without proof or substantiating evidence. An assumption may also be the act of taking over (another individual or entity’s) duty or responsibility.

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Attached

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) In real estate, when equipment, shelving, or furniture is solidly incorporated into a structure, such as bolted to the floor or wired to the ceiling (and not capable of being removed without damage to...

Attachment

An attachment is a court order seizing specific property. Attachment is used both as a pre-trial provisional remedy and to enforce a final judgment.

Sometimes, courts attach a defendant's property as a provisional remedy to prevent the...

Audit

An audit (noun) is a formal examination and verification of an individual’s or organization’s records and accounts, finances, or compliance with a set of standards.

To audit (verb) is the act of conducting the formal...

Auditor

An auditor is one who conducts an audit. Specifically, an auditor is a person or firm (usually an accountant or accounting firm) that conducts a formal examination and verification of an individual’s or organization’s records and accounts,...

Bad debt

Bad debt refers to debt such as a loan or advance that a creditor can no longer recover. A debt cannot be recovered for a variety of reasons such as insolvent debtors. In the corporate context, bad debt can be a critical blow to businesses,...

bailout

A bailout is when the government gives financial support to rescue a company that is in financial trouble and possibly at risk for bankruptcy. The bailout enables the survival of the company. The need for a bailout often arises out of a financial...

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