gender, sexuality, and reproductive rights

Abortion

Abortion: an overview

In 1973, Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, changed the legal status of abortion by striking down a Texas law that criminalized abortion except as a means of saving the mother’s life. The case pitted individual privacy rights against...

Employment Discrimination

Employment Discrimination Overview:

Employment Discrimination laws seek to prevent discrimination based on race, sex, sexual orientation, religion, national origin, physical disability, and age by employers. Discriminatory practices include bias in...

Equal Pay Act

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal law that prohibits sex-based wage discrimination between men and women in the same establishment who are performing under similar working conditions.

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Equal Rights Amendment

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn attempt to amend the U.S. Constitution to guarantee equal rights between the sexes. More commonly called the ERA, this proposed amendment expired in 1982 and was never ratified.

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Equal-opportunity Employer

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn employer that does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, or disability. Employers typically claim to be equal-opportunity employers in job advertisements...

Fair Housing Act & Fair Housing Amendments Act

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Feminist Jurisprudence

Feminist Jurisprudence: An Overview

Feminist jurisprudence is a philosophy of law based on the political, economic, and social equality of sexes. As a field of legal scholarship, feminist jurisprudence began in 1960s. It now holds a significant place in...

Gender Bias

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryPrejudice against people of a particular gender, usually women. Gender bias may result in discriminatory treatment or unequal opportunity.

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Gender Identity

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA person's self-identified gender, versus their anatomical gender at birth. In some states, it is illegal for employers to discriminate based on gender identity.

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installment agreement

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn agreement between the IRS and a taxpayer that allows the taxpayer to pay unpaid federal taxes under a monthly payment plan.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

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