gender, sexuality, and reproductive rights

Abortion

Abortion: an overview

In 1973, Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, changed the legal status of abortion by striking down a Texas law that criminalized abortion except as a means of saving the mother’s life. The case pitted individual privacy rights against...

Employment Discrimination

Employment Discrimination Overview:

Employment Discrimination laws seek to prevent discrimination based on race, sex, sexual orientation, religion, national origin, physical disability, and age by employers. Discriminatory practices include bias in...

Equal Pay Act

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal law that prohibits sex-based wage discrimination between men and women in the same establishment who are performing under similar working conditions.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-...

Equal Rights Amendment

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn attempt to amend the U.S. Constitution to guarantee equal rights between the sexes. More commonly called the ERA, this proposed amendment expired in 1982 and was never ratified.

Definition provided...

Equal-opportunity Employer

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn employer that does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, or disability. Employers typically claim to be equal-opportunity employers in job advertisements...

Fair Housing Act & Fair Housing Amendments Act

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Feminist Jurisprudence

Feminist Jurisprudence: An Overview

Feminist jurisprudence is a philosophy of law based on the political, economic, and social equality of sexes. As a field of legal scholarship, feminist jurisprudence began in 1960s. It now holds a significant place in...

Gender Bias

Gender bias refers to a person receiving different treatment based on the person’s real or perceived gender identity. Under California Family Code § 3011, a court should not consider the gender identity or gender expression of a...

Gender Identity

Gender identity means a person’s self-identified gender, which may or may not correspond with their birth sex. Gender identity is how a person experiences and expresses their gender. The Yogyakarta Principles, international human...

installment agreement

Installment agreement allows a taxpayer to pay the unpaid federal taxes to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on a monthly basis. The authority to enter into an installment agreement is statutorily defined in the Internal Revenue...

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