An attempt to amend the U.S. Constitution to guarantee equal rights between the sexes. More commonly called the ERA, this proposed amendment expired in 1982 and was never ratified.
gender, sexuality, and reproductive rights
An agreement between the IRS and a taxpayer that allows the taxpayer to pay unpaid federal taxes under a monthly payment plan.
A person's self-identified gender, versus their anatomical gender at birth. In some states, it is illegal for employers to discriminate based on gender identity.
Prejudice against people of a particular gender, usually women. Gender bias may result in discriminatory treatment or unequal opportunity.
An employer that does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, or disability. Employers typically claim to be equal-opportunity employers in job advertisements or postings (sometimes using the abbreviation EOE) to make themselves more attractive to job candidates.
A federal law that prohibits sex-based wage discrimination between men and women in the same establishment who are performing under similar working conditions.
Abortion: an overview
In 1973, Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, changed the legal status of abortion by striking down a Texas law that criminalized abortion except as a means of saving the mother’s life. The case pitted individual privacy rights against States’ interest in regulating the life of the fetus.
Feminist Jurisprudence: An Overview
Feminist jurisprudence is a philosophy of law based on the political, economic, and social equality of sexes. As a field of legal scholarship, feminist jurisprudence began in 1960s. It now holds a significant place in U.S. law and legal thought and influences many debates on sexual and domestic violence, inequality in the workplace, and gender-based discrimination.
menu of sources
- 19th Amendment
- 14th Amendment
- Proposed Equal Rights Amendment (Not Ratified)
- CRS Annotated Constitution
Federal Judicial Decisions
Key Internet Sources
Useful Offnet (or Subscription - $) Sources
- Good Starting Point in Print:
- Martha Minow, Making All the Difference: Inclusion, Exclusion, and American Law (Cornell, 1991).
- Mary Joe Frug, Postmodern Legal Feminism (Routledge, 1992)
- Patricia Williams, The Alchemy of Race and Rights (Harvard, 1992)
- LII Downloads